Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 19(1), 61 (2003).

Simultaneous Determination of Glucose and L-Lactate in Rat Brain by an Electrochemical in vivo Flow-Injection System with an On-line Microdialysis Sampling
Toshio YAO,*  Takayuki YANO,* Youko NANJYO,* and Hirohito NISHINO**
*Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuencho, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan
**Eicom Ltd., 24-2 Shimotoba-Enmendacho, Fushimi, Kyoto 612-8474, Japan
An electrochemical in vivo flow-injection system with an on-line microdialysis sampling is proposed for the simultaneous monitoring of L-lactate and glucose in rat brain. In the first stage of the operation, the dialysate from the microdialysis probe is delivered to a sample loop of the six-way autoinjector by perfusing Ringer's solution for 80 s at 5 ul min-1. In the second stage, the dialysate collected in the sample loop is automatically injected for 10 s into the flow-injection line. Injected dialysate is split into two streams and two portions pass through two channels with two different immobilized enzyme reactors (glucose oxidase and lactate oxidase immobilized reactors) to produce hydrogen peroxide from glucose and L-lactate in the dialysate. After a subsequent confluence of the streams, produced hydrogen peroxide can be detected amperometrically at a downstream poly(1,2-diaminobenzene) film-coated platinum electrode, without any interference from oxidizable species and proteins present in the dialysate. Because each channel has a different residence time, two peaks are obtained. The first peak corresponds to L-lactate and the second peak to glucose. The peak current is linearly related to the concentrations of L-lactate between 0.2 and 10 mM and glucose between 0.1 and 20 mM. The present method can be successfully applied to the simultaneous in vivo monitoring of L-lactate and glucose in rat brain. The analytical speed is 45 dialysates h-1.