Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 18(9), 993 (2002).

Determination of Trace Amounts of Thallium by Adsorptive Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry with Xylenol Orange
Esmaeil SHAMS  and Mehdi YEKEHTAZ
Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan 45195-159, Iran
Trace amounts of thallium(I) can be determined using adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry in the presence of Xylenol Orange (XO). The reduction current of the thallium(I)-XO complex ion was measured by square-wave cathodic stripping voltammetry. The peak potential was at -0.44 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The effect of various parameters (pH, ligand concentration, accumulation potential and collection time) on the response are discussed. The response was linearly related to the thallium concentration in the range 0.5 - 110 ng ml-1 and 110 - 2000 ng ml-1. The limit of detection was 0.2 ng ml-1. The relative standard deviation for the determination of 80 ng ml-1 thallium was 2.8%. Many common anions and cations did not interfere with the determination of thallium. The interference of lead was reduced by the addition of 0.003 M sodium carbonate. The voltammetric procedure was then successfully applied to the determination of thallium in various complex samples.