Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 18(1), 7 (2002).

Miniaturized Sample Preparation and Separation Methods for Environmental and Drug Analyses
Yoshihiro SAITO,* Maki KAWAZOE,* Motohiro IMAIZUMI,* Yoriko MORISHIMA,* Yuji NAKAO,* Kayo HATANO,* Makiko HAYASHIDA,** and Kiyokatsu JINNO* 
*School of Materials Science, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi 441-8580, Japan
**Department of Legal Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8602, Japan
Miniaturized extraction and separation media have been successfully developed from precisely controlled technologies. In this article, recent developments in these high performance analytical methods, such as miniaturized sample preparation methods and the coupling of these techniques with microscale separation systems, have been reviewed, along with some applications to environmental and biological analysis. The advantage of the miniaturization is not only for the environmental compatibility but also for the developments of the high performance analytical systems. Down-sizing also makes it possible to investigate and introduce various compounds and materials as novel media (such as tailor-made materials and devices) in separation science. As a typical example of the novel miniaturized sample preparation system, the applications of fibrous materials for microcolumn liquid-phase separation methods are described.