Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 17(8), 951 (2001).

Effect of Mixing Modes on Chemiluminescent Detection of Epinephrine with Lucigenin by an FIA System Fabricated on a Microchip
Tamio KAMIDATE,  Tomoyuki KAIDE, Hirofumi TANI, Eiji MAKINO, and Takayuki SHIBATA
Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628, Japan
The chemiluminescent (CL) detection of epinephrine (EP) with lucigenin (Luc) was performed using a micro flow cell fabricated on a silicon chip. A solution of EP was injected into the Luc carrier stream. The Luc solution containing EP and an alkaline solution were successively poured into the flow cell by a pressure-driven flow system. Two types of flow cells were fabricated for estimating the effect of the mixing modes in the flow cells on the intensity of light emission. In flow cell 1, two streams entered through separate inlet ports and merged to flow adjacently. In flow cell 2, a Luc solution containing EP was split up to 36 partial flows by passage through the nozzles, and was injected into the alkaline solution. The intensity of light emission in flow cell 2 increased markedly compared to that in flow cell 1. The detection limit of 8.0 x 10-7 M for EP in flow cell 2 was a factor of six-times better than that in flow cell 1. The improvement in the sensitivity for EP could be explained in terms of the distortion of laminar flow in flow cell 2.