Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 17(1), 99 (2001).

Non-aqueous Capillary Electrophoresis of p-Quinone Anion Radicals
Yukihiro ESAKA, Noriko OKUMURA, Bunji UNO, and Masashi GOTO
Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Mitahora-higashi, Gifu 502-8585, Japan
The electrophoretic detection of two kinds of p-quinone anion radicals arising from the electrolysis of benzoquinone and chloranil was achieved by employing an acetonitrile medium. Sufficient dehydration of a running solution was necessary for the detection of the benzoquinone anion radical. Oxygen in the running solution also caused a serious decrease in the amount of the benzoquinone anion radical during electrophoresis. The addition of methanol as a hydrogen-donor decreased the electrophoretic mobility of the benzoquinone anion radical significantly, while that of the chloranil anion radical was little changed. This result is interpreted in terms of hydrogen-bonding interaction between the p-quinone anion radicals and methanol, reflecting the magnitude of their proton-accepting ability (benzoquinone anion radical > chloranil anion radical).