Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 17(1), 113 (2001).

Molecular-Dynamics Simulation for Liquid Chromatographic Interactions: Effect of Mobile Phase Composition
Kazuhiro BAN  and Kiyokatsu JINNO
Toyohashi University of Technology, School of Materials Science, Toyohashi, Aichi 441-8580, Japan
A molecular-dynamics simulation method has been applied to investigate the influence of the mobile-phase composition on the retention of solutes in HPLC. The distribution profiles of the distance between two atoms in ODS ligands were constructed to characterize the conformation of ODS ligand molecules. The distinct difference of ODS conformation is observed by comparing molecular models consisting of solvent molecules at each solvent composition. The distribution profiles of the distance between the mobile-phase solvent molecules and ODS ligand molecules were also constructed to characterize the distribution of the solvent molecules at each composition. In all distribution profiles, the difference in the distribution due to a change in the solvent compositions was very clearly found, and the facts seem to be very reasonable. The distribution profiles of the distance between the solute, n-propylbenzene, and the terminal carbon atom in the ODS ligand, and between the solute and the silicon atom in the ODS ligand have been also constructed to see the distribution of the solutes in the separation system. The calculated solute distribution in the ODS-methanol/water system is very consistent with the actual chromatographic retention behaviors.