Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 33(10), 1189 (2017).

Optimization of Analytical Conditions for a Rapid Determination of Aniline in Environmental Water by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Koji FURUKAWA,* Makoto HASHIMOTO,* and Satoshi KANECO**
*Mie Prefecture Environmental Conservation Agency, 3258 Ueno, Kawage-cho, Tsu, Mie 510-0304, Japan
**Department of Chemistry for Materials, Graduate School of Engineering, Mie University, Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Japan
A rapid determination of aniline in environmental water was examined based on liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Environmental water samples were diluted 20-fold with Mill-Q water and measured by LC/MS/MS after adding a surrogate substance (aniline-d5). In the results of the present study, the calibration curve of aniline showed good linearity in the range of 0.05 – 2.0 μg/L. Since the RSD (repeatability) by measuring repeatedly an aniline standard solution (0.05 μg/L, n = 7) was 3.2%, the repeatability of this work was very excellent. In addition, the recovery rate of aniline in environmental water was in the range of 99.0 – 102% with RSD 3.4 – 7.7%, and very good recovery test results were obtained. From these results, this analytical method was confirmed to be effective for aniline measurements of environmental water samples. Also, it is possible to conduct rapid analyses of aniline in environmental water without any solid-phase extraction process, compared to the solid-phase extraction-GC/MS method.